Associations of state body images, physical self-descriptions, and body mass index




Body identities, State body image, Physical self-concept, Training processes, Assessment instruments in Sports Education



To find any possible relationships between dimensions of state body image (SBI), physical self-description (PSD) and body mass index (BMI).


Body Image States Scale (BISS) and Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ) were administrated to 280 students (143 girls and 137 boys) aged between 14 and 18 years (M = 16.86; SD = 1.28). Participants answered also a demographic form. Written informed consent was obtained from all participants and their parents.The study was based on a cross-sectional research design. Appropriate statistical analyzes (such as the correlation circle) were conducted on the data to verify the hypotheses of the study.


Pearson’s r correlations and the correlation circle have shown multiple correlations between variables, some of which have been very strong and significant (r closed to 1; p<.0001), so much so that areas of overlap between survey instruments could be identified.


Possible areas of overlap between the questionnaires that measure the dimensions of the SBI and those of the PSD, and also BMI have been identified (e.g., appearance BISS – appearance PSDQ; obesity BISS – obesity PSDQ – BMI).


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How to Cite

Scarpa, S. (2021). Associations of state body images, physical self-descriptions, and body mass index. Formazione & Insegnamento, 19(3), 340–351.