Copyright & Licensing

Copyright Notice (effective: February, 2022)

The authors who publish in this Journal retain publishing rights and consent to the following:

  1. The published work will be distributed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.
  2. Authors may adhere to other non-exclusive license agreements for the distribution of versions of the published work (e.g. deposit it in an institutional archive or publish it as part of a monography). All versions and adaptations shall not breach the license issued with the first publication in Formazione & insegnamento.

Please note that Authors, as the legitimate copyright holders, can disseminate their work online also before and during the submission process (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website), as it can lead to productive exchanges and increase citations of the published work. However, the editorial policy is to accept only unpublished submissions that constitute original research.

Copyright Notice (before February, 2022)

Owing to the old Copyright policy of the journal, Authors who published in Jaunary 2022 and earlier dates used to retain authorship rights but assign commercial first publication rights to the Publisher ("Pensa MultiMedia") with the following restriction: the Publisher committed to license the works under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International. This Copyright policy is no longer effective since February 1, 2022. See above for the new Copyright policy. No licensing terms have been changed; only copyright terms.

Italian Copyright Law

Please note that, even before Formazione & insegnamento changed its policy to improve its Copyright statement in favour of the Authors, the Italian Copyright Law has always been applied, since the journal is published in Italy. The Italian Copyright Law (namely, Law 633/1941 and later amendaments, including Articles 2575–2583 of the Civil Code of 1942) states that moral rights belong to the Author(s) and are eternal, non-transferable, and inalienable. Economic (commercial) rights could be transferred by the Author(s), but they shall retain claim of authorship and oppose the mutilation or manipulation of their work if it causes harm or prejudice to their honour and reputation. Commercial rights expire 70 years after the death of the last surviving author.


Since the Italian Copyright Law does not have a "fair use policy", licesing is at the sole discretion of the Copyright holders. In this regard, Formazione & insegnamento is published by Pensa MultiMedia under an Open Access Journal Policy with a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International. Authors who publish their works in Formazione & insegnamento agree to such licensing policy.

You are free to:

  • Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format;
  • Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.;

under the following conditions:

  • Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use;

with the understanding that:

  • You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
  • The rights of users under exceptions and limitations, such as fair use and fair dealing, are not affected by the CC licenses.
  • No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
  • Public Domain. Where the work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.


The views expressed in the published works do not express the views of the Editors and the Editorial Staff.

The Authors take legal and moral responsibility for the ideas expressed in the articles. The Publisher shall have no liability in the event of issuance of any claims for damages and will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation, exception made for the provisions of the Italian Law 47/1948.

Website and editorial policies

The website and the editorial policies of Formazione & insegnamento, exception made for directly referenced guidelines (e.g. COPE) and for the OJS/PKP workflow and platform features, are a copyright of Pensa MultiMedia, all rights reserved.