Motivating factors in lifelong learning: perseverance as a case study


  • Francesco Maria Melchiori
  • Antonella Crapis
  • Roberto Melchiori



Non-cognitive factors can generate lack of interest and consequent low motivation to invest in one’s skills after the formal educational period, such as for inclusion in training/lifelong learning pathways or for achieving academic or work success. One particular non cognitive-factors, the construct of grit (perseverance), defined as the tenacity to persist in the face of challenges
and difficulties in order to achieve desired results, was measured through a psychometric instrument administered to adults enrolled in vocational courses at a CPIA (n = 127). The research hypothesis (H1) is that Grit is a construct to be operationalized differently for this type of population, precisely because at an advanced stage of life, individuals possess varied self-control,
conscientiousness, and above all, a diverse ability to achieve long range goals over time. As hypothesized, the results obtained highlight that the Grit-Short Scale is inconsistent ( = 0.404) and possesses poor construct validity, making it necessary to revise or develop from scratch a more appropriate psychometric measurement tool to be able to intervene to support the activities of
individuals in adulthood and older for whom the presence of perseverance is a valuable resource in reaching wellbeing.



How to Cite

Melchiori, F. M. ., Crapis, A. ., & Melchiori, R. . (2021). Motivating factors in lifelong learning: perseverance as a case study. Formazione & Insegnamento, 19(3), 130–144.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>