The Comprehensive Questionnaire on the School Climate (QCCS): Adaptation and validation on the Italian sample




Assessment, Climate School, Comprehensive Questionnaire on the School Climate, Adaptation, Italian sample


The paper presents the procedure for adapting and validating the Comprehensive School Climate Questionnaire (QCCS), taken from the Comprehensive School Climate Inventory (McCabe, Michelli, M. & Pickeral, 2009), for lower secondary school students. 114 teachers of a specialization course for support activities were contacted and they involved 1396 students (708 females and 688 males) in the assessment of the perceived class climate. The good psychometric properties of the QCCS composed of the following scales are confirmed: Citizenship education; Support and inclusion among students; Support of teachers to the relationship; Perception of physical and emotional security; Involvement of families and students; Adequacy of the school environment; Antisocial behavior, as an inversely related scale. In addition, the support of teachers for learning and personalization of teaching is added. This standardized tool allows teachers to monitor the effectiveness of educational-organizational and socio-relational interventions towards improving the school environment.


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How to Cite

Biasi, V., Castellana, G., & De Vincenzo, C. (2023). The Comprehensive Questionnaire on the School Climate (QCCS): Adaptation and validation on the Italian sample. Formazione & Insegnamento, 21(1), 28–37.