Students’ perception of distanced learning: a retrospective analysis


  • Francesco V. Ferraro
  • Ferdinando Ivano Ambra
  • Luigi Aruta
  • Maria Luisa Iavarone



Introduction. In March 2020, the Italian Ministry of Health prohibited individuals’ movement in the whole national territory. Schools closed, and teacher, educators, and students had to adapt to distanced learning ever since. However, the Italian National Institute of Statistic reported that only one student out of four could follow distanced learning, especially in the country’s poorest regions. Aim. To explore the evolution of distanced learning and produce evidence upon students’ perception of the past year’s educational experiences. Methods. The research team analysed two questionnaires conducted at a different time during the lockdown, in April and December 2020. The analysis was conducted using a quantitative approach and Cohen’s h effect size. Results. Data showed no improvements to the learning experience, leaving students with a poor, disadvantaged didactic experience. However, the data also showed an increment in students’ relationship abilities. Conclusion. It is then possible to conceive new intervention paradigms to foster the educational experience and prevent further students’ dropouts. Considering the embodied theories that have been neglected during the lockdown, the upcoming years of education are a call for responsibility to all adults (not only teachers and educators) since the health and education of the children, nationally and internationally, is at stake.




How to Cite

Ferraro, F. V. ., Ambra, F. I. ., Aruta , L. ., & Iavarone, M. L. . (2021). Students’ perception of distanced learning: a retrospective analysis. Formazione & Insegnamento, 19(1 Tome II), 533–543.