From cultural disadvantage to the promotion of talent
AbstractThe school has to do with the difference in its various forms: individual, social, ethnic, cultural. While in the past, diversity was interpreted as a disadvantage and compensatory education plans had prepared to combat the cultural deprivation, today we recognize the ineffectiveness of the existing school systems and there is a need to identify teaching strategies that would support the talent in the diversity.
Focusing on early childhood education, the paper analyzes the teaching practices used in some educational contexts and situations of success, and arising mainly from the forms of learning typical of informal environments. It tries, then, in the light of these considerations, to identify those constants that appear to be
the catalyst for the academic success of all children and deserving to be further developed for the delineation of a criteriology of educational action.