Failure and dropouts An investigation into the relationship between students repeating a grade and dropout rates in Italy
In this paper we aim to investigate the relationship between school failures and early school leaving. The research objective was to verify, through the analysis of archive data of a sample of two high schools, whether the repetition of a school year somehow influenced early school leaving.
Rather than encouraging students to engage more, repeating a school year has consequences like deterioration in school performance, problems in terms of social adaptation as well as a drop in motivation. What is more it could lead to a reduction in their self-esteem and perceived self-efficacy with respect to the educational path. Results show a statistically significant correlation between number of students who repeated a year and early school leaving, and no correlation between each of them and the number of students enrolled.
The authors who publish in this magazine accept the following conditions:
- The authors retain the rights to their work and give the magazine the right to first publish the work, simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons License - Attribution which allows others to share the work indicating the intellectual authorship and the first publication in this magazine.
- Authors may adhere to other non-exclusive license agreements for the distribution of the version of the published work (eg deposit it in an institutional archive or publish it in a monograph), provided that the first publication took place in this magazine.
- Authors can disseminate their work online (eg in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges and increase citations of the published work (See The Effect of Open Access).