School risk factors and dropout in the perception of students: the international ERASMUS KA2 ACCESS project



For years national and international literature has focused on early leaving in search of an explanation to prevent the dropout phenomenon. However, most of this research was conducted without considering the students' point of view and the path that leads them to leave. The aim of the contribution is to address the problem of school drop-out caused by school-related risk factors, in order to increase knowledge and understanding of the dynamics of this phenomenon and implement a monitoring system to promptly identify these factors. All this serves to provide preventive support, to identify forms of support for the development of teachers' skills in terms of planning, support, monitoring, communication and relationship and use of innovative teaching strategies, to enhance local intersectoral cooperation between schools and others educational agencies, as well as to develop multi-professional and transnational learning communities. Starting from the first results of one of the actions carried out within the international Erasmus + ACCESS (KA2) project, which includes universities, schools, research and training institutes in Italy, Portugal, Lithuania and Romania, the survey proposed here focuses on to describe some results of the exploration focused on the problems connected to the risk of abandonment by students of upper secondary schools. This action is aimed at studying students' perceptions of school factors affecting dropouts. The results of this comparison between countries indicate that the factors identified by the students can be very useful in explaining the implications connected to the predictors of abandonment and the effect of some scholastic variables.