RASSEGNA ITALIANA DI CRIMINOLOGIA https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric <p>La Rassegna Italiana di Criminologia è, sin dal 1970, l’organo ufficiale della Società Italiana di Criminologia <a href="https://www.criminologiaitaliana.it/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Società Italiana di Criminologia</a>. Fondata dal Professor Giacomo Canepa, rappresenta uno dei più antichi e qualificati fogli di approfondimento scientifico su temi criminologici nel nostro Paese. La rivista pubblica studi e risultati di ricerche di Criminologia Clinica, Psicologia e Psichiatria forense, Sociologia della devianza, Politica criminale. Gli articoli sono selezionati da revisori anonimi. La Rassegna Italiana di Criminologia pubblica di preferenza articoli di ricerca ma accetta volentieri review di letteratura, case report di particolare interesse, note a sentenza, analisi su fenomeni criminali, riflessioni su teorie applicabili agli studi sulla criminalità.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Format:</strong> Stampa e versione elettronica</p> <p><strong>ISSN:</strong> (Online) 2240-8053</p> <p><strong>ISSN:</strong> (Printed) 1121-1717</p> <p><strong>Frequenza:</strong> 4 numeri all'anno</p> <p><strong>Anno d'inizio:</strong> 1970</p> <p><strong>Tipi di contenuti:</strong> Accademici/Esperti</p> <p><strong>Lingua:</strong> italiano e inglese</p> it-IT roberto.catanesi@uniba.it (Prof. Roberto Catanesi) antonia.valerio@uniba.it (Sig.ra Antonella Valerio University Aldo Moro of Bari ) Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.13 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Indice https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6131 <p>Indice</p> Editorial Staff Copyright (c) 2022 RASSEGNA ITALIANA DI CRIMINOLOGIA https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6131 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Procedure and conditions of life executing punishment: essence and tendencies of reform in criminal executive legislation of Ukraine https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6074 <p>The article is devoted to the consideration of essence and tendencies of reforming the criminal-executive legislation of Ukraine concerning the procedure and execution and serving life imprisonment conditions. Certain debatable provisions, both theoretical and legal, concerning procedure and conditions of life service executing punishment are considered. In particular, at-tention is paid to the problems of legal nature and objectives of life imprisonment, priority of aims and opportunities to achieve correction (resocialization) of convicts, appropriate legal mechanism (tools) that would prevent irreversible negative changes in convict’s personality, which occurs under the influence of indefinite isolation. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of more specific problems related to criminal-executive criteria for the perception of life imprison-ment as subspecies of imprisonment for a certain period; systemic content ratio of general peni-tentiary norms, which determine the legal status of convicts sentenced to life imprisonment, and special ones, which should reproduce peculiarities of regime requirements of penitentiary institutions of different security levels (in particular, medium and maximum). It is proved that clarity, completeness and system-legal balance will be facilitated by the formal reproduction in the law of classification of all criminal-executive norms of Chapter 22 of the Criminal Executive Code (hereinafter–CEC) (based on a certain criterion) into norms of general and special significance, which in turn should be divided into the following subtypes. General penitentiary provisions, which determine the initial legal status of persons sentenced to life imprisonment, provide a list and features of the rights, legitimate interests, responsibilities of convicts, ways (mechanism) to comply with safe conditions of detention, etc. General penitentiary provisions, which define the basic principles for implementation of changes in detention conditions during execution and serving a sentence (essence, tasks, forms, general requirements for material grounds for application, procedural issues of progressive system implementation, definition of disciplinary system). Particular attention to specific characteristics on the gender basis is determined, inter alia, by different levels of security of institutions where punishment takes place, and accordingly by different pro-cedures and conditions of detention, the legal status of convicts.</p> Viktor Konopelskyi , Valentyna Merkulova , Oksana Hrytenko, Kateryna Pogrebna , Harehyn Muradyan Copyright (c) 2022 RASSEGNA ITALIANA DI CRIMINOLOGIA https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6074 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A review of the psychosocial and criminological factors underlying COVID-19 conspiracy theories https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6075 <p>Conspiracy theories and misinformation are becoming increasingly pervasive in recent years and have been spreading at an astounding rate during the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to a range of problems, including non-adherence to safety protocols, refusal to be vaccinated and disregard for public safety. The uncontrollable spread of dubious information has been dubbed an infode-mic and is facilitated by social media and the internet. The belief in, and diffusion of conspiracy theories is linked to various factors familiar to the psychological and criminological fields. Key among these factors is a trait known as conspiratorial thinking. In order to combat this pheno-menon, it is essential that we understand how and why conspiracy theories spread and what makes people prone to believing in them. This literature review aims to highlight the principal research into the identifying characteristics of conspiracy theories, as well as the psycho-social and criminological factors that sustain them. It also explores the effects that conspiracy belief can have on people and groups. It then delves into the role of social media in the diffusion of conspiracy theories during the pandemic. Finally, it illustrates the main strategies that have been used to counter misinformation and conspiracy theories and suggests some areas where further research is required.</p> Matthew J. Groicher |, Ignazio Grattagliano , Pasqua Loconsole , Rosita Maglie Copyright (c) 2022 RASSEGNA ITALIANA DI CRIMINOLOGIA https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6075 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Revenge porn in the Italian regulatory and social context: new crime or old blackmail? https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6076 <p>Revenge porn is the online publication on websites of explicit photographs or videos taken in intimate moments without the person’s consent. It is a new form of gender-based violence, as the majority of victims are women. This phenomenon has been growing in recent years due to the increase in popularity and spread of social networks. Since the start of social distancing mea-sures due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the problem has undoubtedly become more serious. The most affected groups are women and adolescents. Phenomena such as revenge porn and cyber-bullying are aberrant aspects of online relationships. Although different in their specificity, they have many elements in common, which, unfortunately, in some cases, have led to dramatic out-comes, pushing the victims to suicide. This contribution aims at fully framing the issue from a social point of view and outlining its legal characteristics with reference to the European and Italian legal framework, starting from the analysis of the data presented within the report presented on 24 November 2020 by the Italian Ministry of Justice, containing a statistical analysis of the impact in terms of diffusion of the revenge porn phenomenon one year after the entry into force of the law of 19 July 2019 (the so-called “Codice Rosso”), which introduced the specific crime of unlawful dissemination of sexually explicit images or videos.</p> Giovanna Ricci , Giulio Nittari , Anna Maria Caraffa , Francesca Corticelli , Filippo Gibelli , Ascanio Sirignano Copyright (c) 2022 RASSEGNA ITALIANA DI CRIMINOLOGIA https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6076 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Valutazioni psichiatriche-forensi e intelligenza artificiale: nuovi scenari possibili https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6077 <p>Si definiscono “bias cognitivi” quei processi mentali che possono condurre a elaborare giudizi imprecisi o errati. I bias possono influenzare pensieri, opinioni, condotte e sono inevitabilmente implicati anche nelle valutazioni psichiatriche-forensi. Il delicato ruolo che l’esperto in salute mentale riveste all’interno del processo peritale rende questi errori particolarmente rilevanti. Assicurarsi che un pro-cesso decisionale così complesso sia messo in atto con la dovuta attenzione e cura risulta di fondamentale importanza per garantire la maggiore tutela possibile del singolo, ma anche per evitare una mala gestione dei soldi dello Stato. Per sfuggire all’eventuale utilizzo di bias cognitivi nelle valutazioni psichiatriche-forensi, si è suggerito di standardizzare maggiormente le procedure di valutazione, ma dalla letteratura emerge che gli esperti che operano in quest’ambito sono spesso restii a mettere in di-scussione il proprio stesso operato. Di recente, l’applicazione dell’Intelligenza Artificiale (IA) al campo forense ha aperto nuove possibilità, ma, d’altro canto, ha generato nuovi interrogativi. L’IA sembra essere vantaggiosa per quei processi decisionali in cui maggiore standardizzazione è richiesta, ma i ten-tativi di utilizzo di strumenti dotati di IA in campo forense hanno messo in evidenza alcune criticità. In questo articolo, dopo aver discusso i problemi che caratterizzano sia il processo decisionale umano che quello computazionale, proporremo possibili soluzioni.</p> Simona Casale , Stefano Ferracuti , Giovanna Parmigiani Copyright (c) 2022 RASSEGNA ITALIANA DI CRIMINOLOGIA https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6077 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Rorschach test in legally sane murderers: a comparison between the comprehensive system (CS) and the Scuola Romana Rorschach (SRR) methods https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6078 <p>Up to date, in Italy, the Comprehensive System (CS) and the Scuola Romana Rorschach (SRR) are two widely Rorschach systems used in clinical and forensic fields. The present study has the purpose of comparing the results obtained by means of CS and SRR methods in the psychodia-gnostic assessment of homicides in a forensic setting. The Rorschach records of 30 murderers with no psychiatric history and without any psychiatric disease according to DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, tested according to the SRR in a forensic setting, and judged as ‘fully responsible’ (i.e. legally sane), were rescored according to CS. Both methods’ results highlighted a mild impairment of cognitive processing as well as marked difficulties in interpersonal relationship with both Ror-schach methods. Strong correlations were found (Pearson’s r, p &lt; 0.001) between CS and SRR variables related to ‘cognitive mediation’ (CS: XA%, WDA%, X-%, X+%, Xu%; SRR: R+%, F+%, V, O) and interpersonal perception (CS: Human Content, Pure H, Isolation Index; SRR: H, H%, Hd, H+Hd, H%+Hd%).</p> Salvatore Zizolfi , Stefania Zecca , Daniele Zizolfi , Ignazio Grattagliano , Pasqua Loconsole , Lucia Prudente , Antonia Valerio, Roberto Catanesi Copyright (c) 2022 RASSEGNA ITALIANA DI CRIMINOLOGIA https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6078 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Psicopatia in un campione di donne con infermità mentale accertata in sede giudiziaria italiana e ritenute socialmente pericolose https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6079 <p>In questo studio osservazionale retrospettivo, si è mirato ad indagare la presenza e il grado di psicopatia nonché la sua possibile associazione con le caratteristiche cliniche in un campione di donne internate nelle Residenze per l'esecuzione delle misure di sicurezza (REMS) di Castiglione delle Stiviere (Mantova, Italia). Le 50 donne reclutate erano state giudicate totalmente o parzialmente incapaci di intendere e di volere nonchè socialmente pericolose. Un punteggio totale PCL-R &gt; 25 è stato utilizzato per distinguere tra pazienti con o senza psicopatia. L'analisi dei dati ha evidenziato associazioni significative tra psicopatia e disturbo borderline di personalità con disturbo da uso di sostanze in comorbilità, reati di furto o lesioni personali. Le pazienti che sono stati internate a causa di un omicidio o tentato omicidio e che erano affette da disturbi dello spettro schizofrenico hanno mostrato punteggi PCL-R inferiori rispetto alle altre.</p> Valentina Stanga, Simone Giacco, Giuseppe Lucchini , Gianfranco Rivellini , Antonio Vita Copyright (c) 2022 RASSEGNA ITALIANA DI CRIMINOLOGIA https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6079 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Amnesia psicogena o amnesia criminosa? Spunti di riflessione da un caso peritale https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6080 <p>Il presente articolo si propone di fornire alcune riflessioni sul fenomeno dell’amnesia psicogena e sul suo verosimile valore sintomatico-semiotico nella valutazione tecnica di alcune tipologie delittuose. Gli Autori, infatti, prendendo spunto da un caso peritale giunto alla loro osservazione, un furto appa-rentemente immotivato da parte di un soggetto incensurato, intendono esaminare il significato ed il valore di tale disturbo anche in ambito criminologico clinico e psicologico-psichiatrico forense.</p> Cristiano Barbieri , Maria Grazia Violante , Miriana Biancofiore, Ignazio Grattagliano Copyright (c) 2022 RASSEGNA ITALIANA DI CRIMINOLOGIA https://ojs.pensamultimedia.it/index.php/ric/article/view/6080 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000