The scientific explanation: historical-epistemological aspects and didactic implications. The example of Chemistry

Aldo Stella, Giovanni Villani

Abstract


In this paper we have analyzed the general characteristics of the scientific explanation, and of the chemical explanation in particular, and its relation with the science education. Starting with the deductivenomo logical model, which can be considered the standard model, we have shown that you cannot claim that this model of explanation can be gave in a unique form, in line with the methodological reductionism that could be called “radical”. The systemic view has allowed us to capture the specific object of study in the multiplicity of relations that it structure its and to inserting each specific scientific theory in the socioeconomic context
of its birth. The application, then, of the systemic view to the science education underlines the need of a deep change of both the scholastic and university education.


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